Gait Identification - A review







Before 2001





Cutting, J., & Kozlowski, L.
Recognizing friends by their walk: Gait perception without familiarity cues
In Bull. Psychon. Soc., Vol. 9, pp. 353–356
1977

Niyogi, S., & Adelson, E.
Analyzing and recognizing walking figures in XYT
In Proceedings of CVPR’94, pp. 469–474
1994

Murase, H., & Sakai, R.
Moving object recognition in eigenspace representation: gait analysis and lip reading
In Pattern Recognition Lett., Vol. 17, No. 2, pp. 155–162
1996

Little, J., & Boyd, J.
Recognizing people by their gait: the shape of motion
In Int. J. of Computer Vision, Vol. 14, No. 6, pp. 83–105
1998

He, Q., & Debrunner, C.
Individual recognition from periodic activity using hidden Markov models
In IEEE Workshop on Human Motion, pp. 47–52
2000

Shutler, J., Nixon, M., & Harris, C.
Statistical gait recognition via velocity moments
In Proc. IEE Colloquium on Visual Biometrics, pp. 10/1–10/5
2000

Marginal Fisher analysis and its variants for human gait recognition and content-based image retrieval
In IEEE Transactions on Image Processing, Vol. 16, No. 11, pp. 2811–2821

Xu, D., Yan, S., Tao, D., Zhang, L., Li, X., & Zhang, H.-J.
Human gait recognition with matrix representation
In IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology, Vol. 16, No. 7, pp. 896–903
2001





Abdelkader, C. B., Cutler, R., Nanda, H., & Davis, L.
Eigengait: motion-based recognition using image self-similarity
In Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Vol. 2091, pp. 284–294
Springer-Verlag, Berlin
2001

Cattin, P., Zlatnik, D., & Borer, R.
Sensor fusion for a biometric system using gait
In International Conference on Multisensor Fusion and Integration for Intelligent Systems, pp. 233–238
2001

Bouchrika, I., & Nixon, M.
Exploratory factor analysis of gait recognition
In Proc. of the 8th IEEE International Conference on Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition
2008

Chandrashekhar, V.H., & Venkatesh, K.S.
Action energy images for reliable human action recognition
In Proceedings of ASID'06
2006

Cunado, D., Nash, J.M., Nixon, M.S., & Carter, J.N.
Gait extraction and description by evidence-gathering
In Proceedings of AVBPA'99, pp. 43–48
1999

Cuntoor, N., Kale, A., & Chellappa, R.
Combining multiple evidences for gait recognition
In IEEE Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing
2003

Shakhnarovich, G., Lee, L., & Darrell, T.
Integrated face and gait recognition from multiple views
In Proceedings of CVPR’01, pp. 439–446
2001

Gross, R., & Shi, J.
The CMU motion of body (Mobo) database
Tech. Report, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
editor
2001

Johnson, A.Y., & Bobick, A.F.
A multi-view method for gait recognition using static body parameters
In Proceedings of AVBPA’01, pp. 301–311
2001
2002





Bhanu, B., & Han, J.
Individual recognition by kinematic-based gait analysis
In Proceedings of ICPR02, Vol. 3, pp. 343–346
2002

Collins, R.T., Gross, R., & Shi, J.
Silhouette-based human identification from body shape and gait
In Proceedings of AFGR’02, pp. 351–356
2002

Spencer, N.M., & Carter, J.N.
Viewpoint invariance in automatic gait recognition
In Proc. of AutoID, pp. 1–6
2002

Lee, L., & Grimson, W.
Gait analysis for recognition and classification
In Proceedings of AFGR’02, pp. 155–162
2002

Liu, Y., Collins, R., & Tsin, Y.
Gait sequence analysis using frieze patterns
In Proceedings of ECCV’02, Vol. 2, pp. 657–671
2002

Kale, A., Rajagopalan, A.N., Cuntoor, N., & Kruger, V.
Gait-based recognition of humans using continuous HMMs
In Proceedings of AFGR’02, pp. 321–326
2002
2003





Foster, J.P., Nixon, M.S., & Prgel-Bennett, A.
Automatic gait recognition using area-based metrics
In Pattern Recogn. Lett., Vol. 24, No. 14, pp. 2489–2497
2003

Hayfron-Acquah, J.B., Nixon, M.S., & Carter, J.N.
Automatic gait recognition by symmetry analysis
In Pattern Recogn. Lett., Vol. 24, No. 13, pp. 2175–2183
2003

Wang, L., Tan, T., Ning, H., & Hu, W.
Silhouette analysis-based gait recognition for human identification
In IEEE Trans. PAMI, Vol. 25, No. 12, pp. 1505–1518
2003

Tolliver, D., & Collins, R.
Gait shape estimation for identification
In Proc. of AVBPA’03, pp. 734–742
2003

Vega, I.R., & Sarkar, S.
Representation of the evolution of feature relationship statistics: Human gait-based recognition
In IEEE Trans. PAMI, Vol. 25, No. 10, pp. 1323–1328
2003

Sundaresan, A., Roy-Chowdhury, A.K., & Chellappa, R.
A hidden Markov model based framework for recognition of humans from gait sequences
In Proceedings of ICIP’03, Vol. 2, pp. 93–96
2003

Kale, A., Roy-Chowdhury, A.K., & Chellappa, R.
Towards a view invariant gait recognition algorithm
In Proceedings of AVSBS'03, pp. 143–150
2003
2004





Bissacco, A., Saisan, P., & Soatto, S.
Gait recognition using dynamic affine invariants
In Proc. Int'l Symp. Math. Theory of Networks and Systems MTNS'04
2004

Honggui, L., & Xingguo, L.
Gait analysis using LLE
In Proceedings of ICSP'04
2004

Yam, C., Nixon, M., & Carter, J.
Automated person recognition by walking and running via model-based approaches
In Pattern Recognition, Vol. 37, No. 5, pp. 1057–1072
2004

Urtasun, R., & Fua, P.
3D tracking for gait characterization and recognition
In Tech. Rep. No. IC/2004/04, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Lausanne, Switzerland
2004

Elgammal, A., & Lee, C.S.
Separating style and content on a nonlinear manifold
In Proceedings of of IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, Vol. 1, pp. 478–485
2004

Lee, C.-S., & Elgammal, A.
Gait style and gait content: bilinear models for gait recognition using gait re-sampling
In Proceedings of AFGR’04, pp. 147–152
2004

Han, J., & Bhanu, B.
Statistical feature fusion for gait-based human recognition
In Proceedings of CVPR’04, Vol. 2, pp. 842–847
2004

Kale, A., Sunsaresan, A., Rajagopalan, A.N., Cuntoor, N.P., Roy-Chowdhury, A.K., Kruger, V., & Chellappa, R.
Identification of humans using gait
In IEEE Trans. PAMI, Vol. 13, No. 9, pp. 1163–1173
2004
2005





Veres, G., Nixon, M., & Carter, J.
Modeling the time-variant covariates for gait recognition
In Proceedings of AVBPA'05, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Vol. 3546, pp. 597–606
2005

Sarkar, S., Phillips, P.J., Liu, Z., Vega, I.R., Grother, P., & Bowyer, K.W.
The humanID gait challenge problem: Datasets, performance, and analysis
In IEEE Trans. PAMI, Vol. 27, No. 2, pp. 162–177
2005

Lee, C.-S., & Elgammal, A.
Towards scalable view-invariant gait recognition: Multilinear analysis for gait
In Lecture Notes on Computer Science, Vol. 3546, pp. 395–405
2005

Han, J., & Bhanu, B.
Performance prediction for individual recognition by gait
In Pattern Recognition Letters, Vol. 26, No. 5, pp. 615–624
2005

Han, J., Bhanu, B., & Roy-Chowdhury, A.K.
Study on View-Insensitive Gait Recognition
In Proceedings of ICIP'05, Vol. 3, pp. 297–300
2005
2006





Das, S.R., Wilson, R.C., Lazarewicz, M.T., & Finkel, L.H.
Two-stage PCA extracts spatiotemporal features for gait recognition
In Journal of Multimedia, Vol. 1, No. 5, pp. 9–17
2006

Ekinci, M.
Gait recognition using multiple projections
In Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition, pp. 517–522
2006

Zhao, G., Cui, L., & Li, H.
Gait recognition using fractal scale
In Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Pattern Recognition (ICPR'06), Vol. 4, pp. 453–456
2006

Zhao, G., Liu, G., Li, H., & Pietikδinen, M.
3D gait recognition using multiple cameras
In Proceedings of the 7th IEEE International Conference on Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition, pp. 529–534
2006

Wang, L.
Abnormal walking gait analysis using silhouette-masked flow histograms
In Proceedings of ICPR'06, Vol. 3, pp. 473–476
2006

Nixon, M.S., & Carter, J.N.
Automatic recognition by gait
In Proceedings of IEEE, Vol. 94, No. 11, pp. 2013–2024
2006

Rogez, G., Guerrero, J.J., Martinez del Rincon, J., Orrite-Uranela, C.
Viewpoint independent human motion analysis in man-made environments
In Proceedings of BMVC'06
2006

Liu, Z.Y., Sarkar, S.
Improved gait recognition by gait dynamics normalization
In IEEE Trans. PAMI, Vol. 28, No. 6, pp. 863–876
2006

Makihara, Y., Sagawa, R., Mukaigawa, Y., Echigo, T., & Yagi, Y.
Gait recognition using a view transformation model in the frequency domain
In Proceedings of ECCV, Vol. 3, pp. 151–163
2006

Kaziska, D., Srivastava, A.
Cyclostationary processes on shape spaces for gait-based recognition
In Proceedings of ECCV'06, Vol. 2, pp. 442–453
2006

Han, J., & Bhanu, B.
Individual recognition using gait energy image
In IEEE Trans. PAMI, Vol. 28, No. 2, pp. 316–322
2006
2007





Zhou, X.L., & Bhanu, B.
Integrating face and gait for human recognition at a distance in video
In IEEE Trans. SMC-B, Vol. 37, No. 5, pp. 1119–1137
2007

Tan, D., Huang, K., Yu, S., & Tan, T.
Uniprojective features for gait recognition
In Proceedings of ICB 2007, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Vol. 4642, pp. 673–682
editor
2007

Tan, D.L., Huang, K.Q., Yu, S.Q., Tan, T.N.
Orthogonal diagonal projections for gait recognition
In Proceedings of ICIP'07, Vol. 1, pp. 337–340
2007

Tao, D., Li, X., Wu, X., Maybank, S.J.
General tensor discriminant analysis and Gabor features for gait recognition
In IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, Vol. 29, No. 10, pp. 1700–1715
2007

Lu, J.W., Zhang, E.
Gait recognition for human identification based on ICA and fuzzy SVM through multiple views fusion
In Pattern Recognition Letters, Vol. 28, No. 16, pp. 2401–2411
2007

Ekinci, M., Aykut, M., & Gedikli, E.
Gait recognition by applying multiple projections and kernel PCA
In Proceedings of MLDM 2007, Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence, Vol. 4571, pp. 727–741
2007

Gafurov, D.
A survey of biometric gait recognition: Approaches, security and challenges
In Proceedings of NIK-2007
2007

Lam, T.H.W., Lee, R.S.T., & Zhang, D.
Human gait recognition by the fusion of motion and static spatio-temporal templates
In Pattern Recognition, Vol. 40, No. 9, pp. 2563–2573
2007
2008





Nandini, C., & Ravi Kumar, C.N.
Comprehensive framework to gait recognition
In Int. J. Biometrics, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 129–137
2008

Li, X.L., Maybank, S.J., Yan, S.J., Tao, D.C., & Xu, D.J.
Gait components and their application to gender recognition
In IEEE Trans. SMC-C, Vol. 38, No. 2, pp. 145–155
2008

Huang, X., & Boulgouris, N.V.
Human gait recognition based on multiview gait sequences
In EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing
2008

Jafri, R., & Arabnia, H.R.
Fusion of face and gait for automatic human recognition
In Proc. of the Fifth International Conference on Information Technology
2008
2009